Acne or most commonly called "skin breakout" is a skin condition that happens when your hair follicles end up clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It regularly causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. This typically shows up on the face, temple, chest, and upper back. Skin breakout is most regular among young people. However, it may also affect people from different age brackets. Acne comes in different forms of severity: others only have mild acne, while some can have moderate acne, and others may have severe acne.
Here are the different types of acne and how to combat these troublesome skin problems. What type of acne do you have?
Blackheads are comedones that are open at the surface of the skin. They are loaded up with residue oil and dead skin cells. It is not the dirt that causes the comedone to turn dark. The dark tone results from the sporadic impression of light originating from obstructed hair follicles. Blackheads can much of the time be treated with over-the-counter drugs.
Comedones that stay shut at the surface of the skin are called whiteheads. This happens when oil and skin cells keep an obstructed hair follicle from opening. A significant number of the equivalent over-the-counter medications that treat clogged pores are additionally viable against whiteheads.
These types of acne are non-inflammatory acne and can easily be treated by:
- benzoyl peroxide
- salicylic acid
In addition, there are also quite a few remedies readily available at home for these kinds of acne.
- Remember to wash your face with lukewarm water and a hypoallergenic soap twice a day.
- Reducing stress
- Have a healthy, balanced diet
- Stay hydrated at all times to prevent your skin from drying
- Refrain from using harsh soap or facial foam when washing your face
- Be exposed to the sun as little as possible
- Remember to always apply sunscreen when planning to stay outdoors for a long period of time.
- Never scrub your face with a hard washcloth, if you think that acne can be scrubbed away, think again. Scrubbing can only worsen your ongoing suffering from acne as it may irritate your skin and pores. Try cleansing your face as gently as you can.
As mentioned, refrain from popping or pricking these types of acne as they may lead to more serious skin problems.
Papules are comedones that turned out to be incited, building little red or pink knocks on the skin. This sort of pimple might be susceptible to touch. Picking or crushing can aggravate the irritation and may prompt scarring. Countless number of papules may mean that you have moderate to serious acne.
Pustules are another sort of aggravated pimple. They look like a white head with a red ring around the knock. The knock is commonly loaded up with white or yellow discharge. Refrain from picking or crushing pustules. Picking can make scars or dim spots create on the skin.
Nodules are big, aroused knocks that feels firm to the touch. They grow profound inside the skin and are frequently awful. Nodules ought to be treated by a dermatologist. Over-the-counter medicines may not be sufficiently incredible to clear them up, but rather doctor prescribed medications can be successful.
Cysts are vast, discharge filled sores that appear to be like boils. Like nodules, cysts can be agonizing and ought to be treated by a dermatologist. Individuals who grow nodules and cysts are typically considered to have a progressively extreme type of skin break out.
These kinds of acne are commonly known as inflammatory acne which is more severe and already requires medical attention. Normally, dermatologists would already obligate taking antibiotics or another type of medicine such as prescription creams or prescription facial foam to stabilize these types of skin problems. Also, this type of acne already requires a regular visit to your dermatologists for treatment.
What causes acne?
There are a few causes why people suffer from acne. It is sometimes a combination of how your skin reacts to some external factors and at the same time, it is your body's way of telling you that something is wrong inside and you need to act on it.
1. It is all about the stress!
Research has discovered that acne or skin breakout has something to do with the stress that your body experiences. When we encounter pressure, our bodies deliver the hormone androgen as a reaction. These hormones trigger the oil organs and hair follicles, which may prompt breakouts.
2. You got it from your mama
Acne is also hereditary. If you have a family member with skin inflammation or acne, it additionally improves your probability of getting it. The research proposes that a few people have a hereditary inclination for skin inflammation, making them bound to get skin inflammation as grown-ups.
3. PMS? Hormones?
Hormonal imbalance can prompt breakouts. Ladies regularly encounter this around their month to month time frames, amid pregnancy and menopause, and when beginning or ending anti-conception medication pills. Also, Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome is a well-known hormonal condition that can cause moderate to severe acne cases which affect most women today.
4. Skin and hair care products
In case you're already likely to have acne and skin breakouts, make it a habit to read the marks on your items. Search for terms, for example, 'non-comedogenic' or 'oil free', as these terms can be keywords that the item you are using cannot cause breakouts. If you are fond of using hair waxes or hair gels, try keeping them away from your face as much as possible as these products will contribute to your pores being clogged with oil. Also, if you have a long hair that touches your face frequently, make sure to wash your face well to keep the oil from your shampoo or conditioner away from your face.
5. Medication side effect or an undetected condition
In some cases, skin inflammation, acne, or breakouts can be an indication of a concealed condition, so once the condition is dealt with, the skin inflammation clears up. A few medicines can likewise trigger skin inflammation or aggravate it. Inquire as to whether skin inflammation is a side effect of the prescription that you are taking and ask if there are alternatives to the ones you are already taking. If not, see a dermatologist to enable you to control your skin break out.
What are some of the myths about acne?
1. Teenage life is equal to acne
This has got to be one of the most exceedingly bad skin inflammation legends. While unlimited advertisements went for youngsters with their first breakout may help persuade you generally, skin break out is definitely not a high school issue. The facts demonstrate that a greater number of individuals endure during adolescence than at some other time, however, most by far of individuals treated for skin break out is somewhere in the range of 20 and 52. You can suffer from acne even when you are no longer in your teenage years, and as time goes by, treating acne may be harder if not consulted to a physician.
2. Acne is self-healing
There are a lot of issues that will eventually leave without you doing anything. Be that as it may, skin inflammation isn't one of them. Skin inflammation or acne that is disregarded can bring about scarring, so it's constantly worth attempting medicines. Begin off with over the counter topical medicines, and in the event that they don't clear your skin up, make a meeting with a dermatologist. There is an entire scope of oral and topical medicines that can control and recuperate your skin.
3. The more you wash your face, the higher the chance that your acne will leave you alone
We've all been informed that washing the skin more will ease skin inflammation and acne, yet it truly won't. Grating cleansers and cruel skin cleaners have even been demonstrated to aggravate the face, stripping off its regular dampness, and it worsens skin break out. If you would not want to try ordinary facial washing to ease skin inflammation, choose a facial foam or facial wash specialized for your skin type that contains salicylic acid, sulfur mixes or benzoyl peroxide, which will relax your skin and pores.
4. There is acne because your face is full of dirt
This is something that most of us would probably believe. Truly, skin inflammation and dirt are totally irrelevant. Skin break out is caused by Propionibacteria acnes, or P.acnes for short, a bacterium that squares pores and causes aggravation. This irritation at that point results in spots and pimples. The main spots with an alternate reason are clogged pores, which are caused by the development of sebum, characteristic facial oil. It is not because of the dirt, dust, and pollution that you come across on a daily basis that you have acne today.
5. Putting makeup would only make matters worse
This is somewhat true, it's not a brilliant idea to cover it in a thick layer of make-up wherein you skin could not breathe anymore, plus leaving your make up on after a long day's work, would only make it more unbearable, yet again, the market found their way to help people with acne still be able to wear-up at the cost of nothing. Most cosmetics are now non-comedogenic, other are ‘hypoallergenic' meaning that they would not contribute to your worsening acne. There are even cosmetics designed to help treat and cover acne, one of which foundations available in the market that contain salicylic acid or tea tree oil, there is also acne cream which is already tinted and can already be considered as a foundation or cover up for your acne.
6. Heat, vapor, warmth is helpful
Refrain from using facial steamers and warmers. While it used to be trusted that warmth might be a conceivable solution for skin inflammation, exhausting the pores and eliminate microscopic organisms, it is since been demonstrated this isn't the situation. There is presently been an entire host of studies demonstrating that steam and warmth really aggravate skin break out, bringing about break-outs for general sufferers. Keep your skin cool and hydrated. That is the key to preventing pimples and acne from coming out.
7. Tanning will help cure your acne
This myth is considered to be one of the most dangerous myths about acne. Light therapies available in the market right now can indeed be used to treat acne, however, the success rate of these procedures are very, very low. It appears to be that a few people have connected these treatments with tanning beds, which use UV lights, and rumor has it that tanning can help fix skin breakout. Honestly, it can't. In addition to the fact that UV lights (both from the sun and from a sunbed) dry out skin, it can likewise prompt untimely maturing, and worse, skin cancer. Odds are, your skin will really revolt, as opposed to recuperate. In the event that you need to ease your skin breakouts, see a dermatologist and talk about a facial chemical peel or cream. This watchful system unblocks the pores, without bringing about any extra harm.
If you feel like your skin is doing something that it is not supposed to, do not hesitate to book an appointment or a consultation with a professional dermatologist to have your skin checked. It is very impossible for a facial treatment to not work on your skin, it just boils down to how patient you are when it comes to waiting for the results of the treatment that you are having. Yearly, new treatments for acne and other facial problems are being developed to make acne and other skin problem treatments easier and more affordable. Also, never ever self-medicate especially if you have moderate to severe acne cases, self-medication may only lead to more serious skin problems which would make healing and treatments slower as expected.